Erythrina berteroana is a small deciduous tree, abundantly armed with stout spines, with a broad, spreading, thin crown; it usually grows up to 10 metres tall. Erythrina berteroana Urb. Fabaceae According to Krukoff () E. berteroana is by far the most common species in Central America. It is the. E. berteroana is a popular Central America tree often used in agroforestry systems as a living fence, shade tree and for fodder and forage.
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Erythrina berteroana – Useful Tropical Plants
Calyx green, tubular; corolla 5-petalled, 7. The flowers are red and elongated likeness to a whistle. History of Introduction and Spread Top of page E. It is not considered a highly invasive species, mostly because it has an ineffective dispersal mechanism for its seeds they just fall from the tree.
Flavoring, herbs, and spices Bibliography on Capsicum sp. Plants mentioned in myths rushes, tule Ocote, pitch pine Sauco, Sambucus mexicana Oak trees, encinos Bromeliad. Erythrina in the New and Old Worlds.
The seeds and flowers of E. Because it is a nitrogen-fixing species, it is planted as a soil improver and to maintain soil fertility Russo, ; Orwa et al. The effects of E.
Glossaries Mesoamerica, Central America. The use of Erythrina species in the Americas. Most common introduced plants not native Banana Solanum sisymbriifolium, the litchi tomato, Bibliography Citrus fruits Onion.
It is called Palo de Pito in Spanish because you can make a kind of whistle from the leaves. It likes a good frythrina of water but must not be over-watered, and does not tolerate any cold or frost Ratsch Advances in agroforestry research.
Protein banks of Erythrina berteroana and Gliricidia sepium. Productivity of Gliricidia sepium and Erythrina berteroana in live fences managed under three pruning frequencies in the Atlantic zone of Costa Rica.
Due to its extensive uses, new introductions of this species could take place in the near future, primarily in tropical regions.
Habitat Top of page E. Our garden is at the elevation of Guatemala Herteroana, Central America about meterswhich is an appropriate elevation for this tree. Annals berteronaa the Missouri Botanical Garden, 67 3: Technical guide for forestry extension. Palo de pito seed pods, Erythrina berteroananotice the color of the seed that are toxic, used to make bracelets, necklaces and other handicrafts, FLAAR Photo Archive. It is believed that the flowers under the pillow will induce sleep.
Dicotyledonae Summary of Invasiveness E. This same botanical name is provided by the Guatemalan botanist and author Luis Villar. One quarter to one half of a seed may be chewed and swallowed to experience the sedative, aphrodisiac effects of the plant.
Crown development and biomass production of pollarded Erythrina berteroana, E. Establishment and management of cacao under shade. The flowers or young leaves and shoots may be steeped in hot water to make a sedative tea for sleep induction. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using.
Seeds are chewed and swallowed for sedative and aphrodisiac effects. A single tree of E.
In Central America, the beautiful bright red seeds of this species have been used to make necklaces and other jewelry. Flowers pinkish to red, appearing with the leaves, in terminal racemes, The flowers are erythrija and inches long and grow in loose clusters.
When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Physiology and Phenology E. Risk and Impact Factors Top of page Invasiveness Proved invasive outside its native range Abundant in its native range Highly adaptable to different environments Is a habitat generalist Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc Pioneering in disturbed areas Benefits from human association i.
The Highland Mayan Quiche name is Tzite. Consequently, this species is commonly found naturalized and colonizing new areas mostly in sites near bereroana, in disturbed areas, and erythria streams and fences. Production and use, a field manual. A new alkaloid, erythratine-N-oxide, has been isolated from this particular species Soto-Hernandez and Jackson, Plants and trees used to etythrina incense Palo jiote. Baseline soil characteristics of a humid tropical silvopastoral system and changes in selected soil properties.
Bibliography, Macroclinium bicolor Bibliography, Sobralia xantholeuca Bibliography on Terrestrial orchids from Guatemala Bibliography on Terrestrial shade orchids from Guatemala. Its red flowers and fleshy unopened young leaves and branches are used as food both by humans and domestic animals.
Or, there may be several species, one in each different environmental zone. Your email address will not be published. International Legume Database and Information Service. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http: Flowers native to Guatemala visible now around the world Dahlia.
Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies.